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Extreme Life and Environments
STONE experiment
Viewed: 784 times
01/14/09
Some of the worlds most acidic water ever found on Earth is in the
Richmond Mine near Redding, California.
Credit: C. Alpers & D.K. Nordstrom, USGS
Viewed: 810 times
01/14/09
This image shows the pink biofilm, just a few millimeters thick, growing onto the surface of the water at the Richmond Mine.
Credit: Clara Chan/UC Berkeley
Viewed: 1064 times
01/14/09
Viewed: 559 times
01/14/09
Monazite is a common mineral that can tell scientists a great deal about the history
of rocks that contain it.

Credit: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles

Viewed: 794 times
01/14/09

Gypsum dunes in Cuatro Cienegas, Mexico. Photo Credit: Leslie Mullen
Viewed: 753 times
01/14/09
Valeria Souza holds a stromatolite pulled out of Rio Mesquites. Photo Credit: Leslie Mullen
Viewed: 823 times
01/14/09
Stromatolites and fish living in harmony in Rio Mesquites. Photo Credit: Mya Breitbart, University of South Florida.
Viewed: 785 times
01/14/09
Stromatolite producing oxygen bubbles. Scientists believe that ancient stromatolites helped produce much of the oxygen on Earth millions of years ago. Photo Credit: Mya Breitbart, University of South Florida.
Viewed: 950 times
01/14/09
Poza Azul in the Cuatro Cienegas valley of Mexico. Photo Credit: Mya Breitbart, University of South Florida.
Viewed: 811 times
01/14/09

Climbing the gypsum dunes of Cuatro Cienegas. Photo credit: Mya Breitbart, University of South Florida.
Viewed: 751 times
01/14/09
The Taklimakan Desert in northwest China is a vast region of sand desert sitting in
a depression between two high, rugged mountain ranges.
Credit: NASA
Viewed: 732 times
01/14/09
The Atacama desert in Chile, one of Chris McKay's research sites, is the driest
environment recorded on Earth.
Credit: Aaron Gronstal
Viewed: 623 times
01/14/09
ESP lead engineer Scott Jenson and project manager Doug Pargett make final adjustments before sealing up the instrument in its deep-water high-pressure casing. Credit: Henry Bortman
Viewed: 826 times
01/14/09
The ESP, attached to an open aluminum frame below the ROV Ventana, being lowered into Monterey Bay for its first deep-water test at 1,000 meters. Credit: Henry Bortman
Viewed: 855 times
01/14/09

The ESP II team aboard the Point Lobos after a successful test at 1,000 meters. From left: Brent roman, software engineer; microbiologist Chris Preston; Chris Scholin, principal investigator; and Doug Pargett, project manager and engineer. Credit: MBARI
Viewed: 939 times
01/14/09
In the past, much of what we knew about microbes was based on information gathered
from single organisms cultured in laboratories. However, many kinds of microbes cannot be cultured with known methods.
Credit: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Viewed: 891 times
01/14/09
Viewed: 568 times
01/14/09
The undersea robot Jason II examines the 'smoking' Medusa vent.
Credit: Duke University
Viewed: 766 times
01/14/09
Pink, bell-shaped Stauromedusae jellyfish have been identified at the
Medusa hydrothermal vent field.
Credit: Duke University
Viewed: 666 times
01/14/09

Wynne installs a temperature sensor at the entrance to a cave in the Mojave Desert.
Credit: Henry Bortman
Viewed: 613 times
01/14/09
Credit: Henry Bortman
Viewed: 680 times
01/14/09
Wynne (right) takes thermal readings from the basket of a hot-air balloon, while Jim Thompson, the balloon's owner and captain, takes digital photographs.
Credit: Henry Bortman
Viewed: 888 times
01/14/09
Wynne, atop a cinder cone, radios instructions to colleagues in the lava beds below.
Credit: Henry Bortman
Viewed: 797 times
01/14/09
A thermagram taken last December by Wynne of the entrance (red) to Four Windows Cave in New Mexico.
Credit: J Judson Wynne
Viewed: 796 times
01/14/09

Credit: UC Berkeley
Viewed: 602 times
01/14/09
A tar pit at Rancho La Brea. Pits like these have yielded thousands of
animal fossils. Credit: D. E. Crowley, UCR.
Viewed: 668 times
01/14/09
Rancho La Brea sits in the heart of Los Angeles and is one of the
world's most famous fossil localities. The site holds the largest and
most diverse assemblage of extinct Ice Age plants and animals known.
Credit: UC Berkeley/Page Museum/Natural History Museum of Los Angeles
Viewed: 1056 times
01/14/09
Jong-Shik Kim (left) is a postdoctoral researcher working with David E.
Crowley (right), a professor of environmental microbiology in the
Department of Environmental Sciences. Credit: J.-S. Kim, UCR.
Viewed: 791 times
01/14/09
The NASA-supported DEPTHX robot is a submarine designed to survey and explore for
life in extreme regions on Earth and potentially in outer space.
Credit: Carnegie Mellon University
Viewed: 714 times
01/14/09

DEPTHX will attempt to provide the first information about the bottom of Mexico's
Cenote Zacatón. The science team hopes to learn about the sinkhole's physical
dimensions, the geothermal vents that feed it and the forms of life that live in its depths.
Credit: Carnegie Mellon University
Viewed: 1040 times
01/14/09
Scientists in the Antarctic use a specially designed trawl net to sample the deep sea.

Credit: British Antarctic Survey
Viewed: 746 times
01/14/09
This carnivorous moonsnail lives in the Antarctic deep sea. It can detect food from
a wide distance and will move towards it. Polyps, covering its shell, use the
moonsnail as transport to food sources.

Credit: British Antarctic Survey
Viewed: 925 times
01/14/09
The deep ocean off of Antarctica was once thought to be a 'featureless abyss'. Now
scientists know that these waters actually harbor a great diversity of marine life.

Credit: NASA
Viewed: 806 times
01/14/09
Wangiella dermatitidis is one type of fungi exposed to ionizing
radiation in the study.
Credit: University of Adelaide
Viewed: 798 times
01/14/09

An example of melanized fungal cells observed by the research team.
Credit: Dadachova/Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva
University/PLoS ONE
Viewed: 697 times
01/14/09
Doctoral student Marcus Gary SCUBA dives with the DEPTHX probe during initial
in-water tests at The University of Texas at Austin Applied Research Laboratories
wet test facility
Credit: The University of Texas at Austin
Viewed: 893 times
01/14/09
A it dove, the DEPTHX robot generated a map of the El Zacatón sinkhole to a depth of
318 meters. For a 3-dimensional view, click here.

Credit: Carnegie Mellon University
Viewed: 799 times
01/14/09
The Jaguar AUV is lowered into the Arctic Ocean from the icebreaker Oden during a
June 2007 engineering test.
Credit: Clayton Kunz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Viewed: 881 times
01/14/09
The topographic and bathymetric map of the Arctic Ocean shows the Gakkel Ridge,
Nansen Basin, Lomononsov Ridge, and the proposed cruise track of the Oden. (Data
from the International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean and the National Geophysical Data Center; with graphic enhancements by Jack Cook, Woods Hole
Oceanographic Institution)
Viewed: 971 times
01/14/09

Quake's team at Stanford
University has been developing microfluidic devices for half a decade. Their recent
work produced a tiny device about the size of a postage stamp that can allow
researchers to isolate microbes at the nanoliter scale.
Credit: Quake Group, Stanford University
Viewed: 754 times
01/14/09
Candidatus Chloracidobacterium (Cab.) thermophilum was found living in the same hot
springs as Thermus aquaticus, which has revolutionized forensics and other fields by
making the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) a routine procedure.
Credit: National Science Programs, Canada
Viewed: 763 times
01/14/09
Amaya Garcia, a member of the team that discovered the new bacterium, stands next to
the colorful microbial mats in Octopus Spring in Yellowstone National Park.

Credit: David Strong, Penn State

Viewed: 727 times
01/14/09
Antarctica is home to the largest body of ice on Earth. Years ago, the environment
beneath the ice sheets was thought to be too extreme for life. However, researchers
today have discovered numerous types of microbes living in Antarctic ice as well as
in sub-ice lakes.
Credit: USGS
Viewed: 743 times
01/14/09
Sample of rock from Beer, with coin for scale. Credit: Professor Charles Cockell, Open University.


Viewed: 605 times
01/14/09

Thermophilic bacteria isolated from Bag City Vent, one of the vents that was part of
the MBL/JISAO microbial diversity study.
Credit: Julie Huber / Marine Biological Laboratory
Viewed: 611 times
01/14/09
The new microbes were discovered around deep-sea hydrothermal vents off the Oregon
coast.
Credit: Google Maps / Marine Biological Laboratory
Viewed: 666 times
01/14/09
The island nation of Iceland, in the north Atlantic, is famous as a hotspot for
geothermal activity. Although located in chilly northern climes, the land is
peppered with active geysers and volcanoes.
Credit: NASA
Viewed: 724 times
01/14/09
The reddish color of this geyser pool near Yellowstone's Norris Geyser
Basin may be due, in part, to iron-oxidizing bacteria living in its
heated waters.
Credit: Idaho National Laboratory
Viewed: 671 times
01/14/09
Viewed: 458 times
01/14/09

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