Extreme Life

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    A new paper shows that wood-boring clams serve as “ecosystem engineers,” making the organic matter in the wood available to other animals that colonize wood falls in the deep waters of Monterey Canyon.
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    Scientists are testing technologies for Mars exploration in a 1.3 kilometer-deep mine. The project is part of the Mars Analogues for Space Exploration (MASE) program.
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    Researchers report that Antarctic mosses can come back to life after 1,500 completely inactive years under the ice. Prior to this finding, only microbes had been shown to be capable of revival after so many years on hold.
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    Scientists have documented how a leech is able to survive cycles of freezing and thawing, and temperatures as low as -196°C.
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    It seems like anywhere you look on Earth, microorganisms are there – even kilometers beneath the Earth’s surface where sunlight never reaches. Scientists are just beginning to understand Earth’s deep subsurface biosphere, but a new study might help determine just how far down microbes can
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    Scientists have discovered that a protein used in photosynthesis in plants likely developed in microorganisms on ancient Earth - long before oxygen became availalbe in the atmosphere.
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    In 2010, a team of scientists discovered a new species of sea anemones beneath Antarctica's Ross Ice Shelf. The new anemones are the first known to live in ice.
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    A new study shows that viruses might greatly outnumber microorganisms in the deep biosphere of the Earth.
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    Researchers have discovered bacteria in California's Mono Lake that 'breathe' toxic metals.
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  • Beating Bacteria on Earth — and in Space
    Already a major problem on Earth, increasingly resistant bacterial strains can be an even greater threat for space travelers. The Antibiotic Effectiveness in Space (AES-1) investigation will attempt to probe the reasons for antibiotic resistance in space.
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    Astrobiology's study of life in the universe has much to say about how humans live sustainably on Earth.
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    Using the most detailed maps of global surface temperatures on Earth, scientists have identified the coldest place on Earth. The site is a ridge in Antarctica that reaches -133.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
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  • Oil- and Metal-Munching Microbes Dominate Deep Sandstone Formations
    Halomonas bacteria are well-known for consuming the metal parts of the Titanic. Researchers now have found Halomonas in sandstone formations deep underground.
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    Comunidades microbianas nas profundezas abaixo da superfície do nosso planeta estão mostrando surpreendente similaridade – mesmo quando elas estão localizadas em lados opostos do planeta.
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    Microbial communities in the deep subsurface of our planet are showing surprising similarity - even when they're located on opposite sides of the planet.
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