Extreme Life

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    It seems like anywhere you look on Earth, microorganisms are there – even kilometers beneath the Earth’s surface where sunlight never reaches. Scientists are just beginning to understand Earth’s deep subsurface biosphere, but a new study might help determine just how far down microbes can
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    Scientists have discovered that a protein used in photosynthesis in plants likely developed in microorganisms on ancient Earth - long before oxygen became availalbe in the atmosphere.
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    In 2010, a team of scientists discovered a new species of sea anemones beneath Antarctica's Ross Ice Shelf. The new anemones are the first known to live in ice.
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    A new study shows that viruses might greatly outnumber microorganisms in the deep biosphere of the Earth.
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    Researchers have discovered bacteria in California's Mono Lake that 'breathe' toxic metals.
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  • Beating Bacteria on Earth — and in Space
    Already a major problem on Earth, increasingly resistant bacterial strains can be an even greater threat for space travelers. The Antibiotic Effectiveness in Space (AES-1) investigation will attempt to probe the reasons for antibiotic resistance in space.
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    Astrobiology's study of life in the universe has much to say about how humans live sustainably on Earth.
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    Using the most detailed maps of global surface temperatures on Earth, scientists have identified the coldest place on Earth. The site is a ridge in Antarctica that reaches -133.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
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  • Oil- and Metal-Munching Microbes Dominate Deep Sandstone Formations
    Halomonas bacteria are well-known for consuming the metal parts of the Titanic. Researchers now have found Halomonas in sandstone formations deep underground.
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    Comunidades microbianas nas profundezas abaixo da superfície do nosso planeta estão mostrando surpreendente similaridade – mesmo quando elas estão localizadas em lados opostos do planeta.
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    Microbial communities in the deep subsurface of our planet are showing surprising similarity - even when they're located on opposite sides of the planet.
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  • December Expedition to Explore Life in Hydrothermal Vent
    Scientists are preparing for an expedition this December that will use robotic explorers to study life beneath the sea crust. The team will study previously unexplored hydrothermal vent systems off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
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    A new study shows how population booms of life at the ocean surface can lead to a feast of organic material for organisms that survive in harsh, nutrient-limited environments on the sea floor.
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    Scientists have performed a detailed analysis of the biochemistry that allows microbes to survive in extreme cold on the ocean floor around methane seeps.
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    Viruses can coat themselves in silica glass to protect themselves, like donning a suit of armor. This finding has implications for the search for life on other planets such as Mars.
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