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Cutting into Planet Layers
January 28, 2007
NASA's powerful Hubble Space Telescope has allowed astronomers to study for the first time the layer-cake structure of a planet orbiting another star. .

Rosetta Locks on Target
January 28, 2007
ESA's Rosetta spacecraft has caught its first glimpse of an asteroid it will be studying later during its primary mission.

Starlight Meteorology
January 26, 2007
Observations of Saturn's moon Titan from earth-based telescopes played a vital role in the successful decent of the Huygens probe through Titan's thick atmosphere in January of 2005.

Opening an Eye to the Stars
January 26, 2007
The COROT telescope has successfully opened its protective cover and began gazing at the stars.

Huygens's Second Landing Anniversary
January 16, 2007
Two years ago, scientists accomplished an amazing feat when the Huygens probe descended through the thick atmosphere of Titan to reveal the moon's unique surface.

Swooping Under the Sun
January 10, 2007
The Ulysses spacecraft has reached maximum latitude in its exploration of the heliosphere, the bubble in space blown out by the solar wind.

Water Flows Today on Mars
December 7, 2006
Water could recently have flowed on the Martian surface. ESA's Mars Express joins the hunt for evidence.

Rocky Worlds
November 3, 2006
COROT space telescope set to search out small, rocky extrasolar planets.

  • New Space Telescope
  • November 3, 2006
  • COROT space telescope set to search out small, rocky extrasolar planets.


Summary : The COROT telescope has successfully opened its protective cover and began gazing at the stars. In February COROT will officially begin scientific observations, which include the search for extra-solar planets.

Opening an Eye to the Stars

Based on the ESA release

COROT captured its first image while viewing the constellation of the Unicorn near Orion. Credit: CNES

In the night between 17 and 18 January 2007, the protective cover of the COROT telescope was successfully opened, and COROT saw for the first time light coming from stars.

Surveying vast stellar fields to learn about star interiors and to search for extra-solar planets is the goal of this unique mission, whose scientific observations will officially start at the beginning of February this year.

The first light detected by COROT comes from the constellation of the Unicorn near Orion, the great 'hunter' whose imposing silhouette stands out in the winter nights. This nice image, taken during the in-orbit calibration exercise, shows that the quality of this preliminary data is basically as good as the computer simulations. "This is an excellent piece of news," commented Malcolm Fridlund, ESA Project Scientist for COROT.

COROT's orbit

On 18 January, the telescope was carefully aligned with the region to be observed, facing away from the centre of our Galaxy. This setting that will be maintained until April, when the Sun's rays will start to interfere with the observations.

COROT reached an orbit of roughly 900 kilometers in December of 2006 after being launched aboard a Soyuz rocket from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
Credits: CNES/D.Ducros

COROT will then rotate by 180 degrees and will start observing the opposite region towards the centre of the Milky Way. In the meantime the COROT scientists are preparing for the science phase to start in February, continuing a thorough examination of the data and the information collected so far.

COROT was set in space by a Soyuz rocket after a text-book launch from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on 27 December 2006. Settled in its almost-circular polar orbit ranging between 895 and 906 kilometres altitude over the Earth's surface, the spacecraft was powered on 2 January 2007, and has begun its calibration exercise, still on-going.

Major steps of this testing phase have been the test of the COROT four thrusters's nozzles, necessary to precisely orient the spacecraft in space, and the calibration of the light sensors. The sensor calibration process, which paradoxally must take place in total darkness, is designed to check the detector arrays pixel by pixel. For a given amount of light, a pixel doesn't generate exactly the same amount of current as its neighbours, so these individual responses must be taken into account when applying corrections to the scientific data to come.