Geology

  • Earth scientists have determined why the movement of Earth's crust doesn't always happen smoothly.
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  • Scientists have uncovered new information about Earth's early oceans during a period of time that was critical to the evolution of complex life.
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  • Scientists have discovered a layer of liquefied molten rock in Earth's mantle. This magma layer could act as a lubricant for our planet's tectonic plates.
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  • By studying locations as widespread as New Jersey and North Africa, a team of scientists has found a link between one of Earth's largest mass extinctions and gigantic volcanic eruptions. The study could hint at how sudden climate shifts could affect life's future on Earth.
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  • New research shows that some of the tectonic processes driving volcanic activity today were occurring as early as 3.8 billion years ago. The study provides new insight about the early environment of Earth.
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  • Sulfide ore deposits from a mine in Canada confirm that oxygen levels on Earth 2.7 billion years ago were extremely low, but they also indicate that microbes were actively feeding on sulfate in the planet's oceans.
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  • A new technique could help scientists study structures beneath the Earth's surface by measuring tiny seismic waves created by ocean waves as they crash against the shore.
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  • A new study on the mineral magnesium oxide is helping scientists understand the nature of planetary interiors. The results could yield new insight into the evolution of rocky planets.
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  • Researchers are providing new information about the ‘diet’ of microorganisms on the early Earth. By studying 3.45-billion-year-old rocks, the team uncovered clues about ancient microbial metabolism.
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  • A team of astrophysicists are hoping to use ultraprecise portable atomic clocks to study the Earth's true physical form and explore our planet's interior.
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